Yes and No. Undocumented immigrant refers to immigrants who do not have the proper paperwork to show they are lawfully present in the United States. The majority of undocumented immigrants are visa overstays – people who have lawfully entered the country but did not leave when there were supposed to. Those who are not lawfully present do not have access to federal/state public benefits. However, every child has a constitutional right to public education (K-12) regardless of immigration status and every person has a right to medical care in an emergency room, regardless of immigration status. They do have to pay for medical costs and there are no medical benefits (insurance) for undocumented immigrants. It is a federal crime for an undocumented immigrant to apply for benefits. It is a federal crime for undocumented immigrants to use unlawfully obtained public benefits.