What are the core principles practiced by Muslims?

What are the core principles practiced by Muslims?

The practitioners of the religion of Islam are called Muslims.  There are 1.5 billion Muslims worldwide from every continent and ethnic group. Therefore culture heavily influences how the religion is practiced.  There are five core principles that all Muslims agree to. There are oftentimes referred to as the “Five Pillars of Islam”. It is important to remember that these are obligations for able bodied Muslims, though followers of Islam may fast, pay charity and pray at any time.

  • Shahadah (testimony) – To be a Muslim one must testify and believe that there is no God but God and the last messenger God sent to this world is the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
  • Salat (prayer) – Muslims pray five times a day. These prayers are during certain times throughout the day. These prayers are done in a very specific manner which involves standing, sitting, kneeling and bowing ones head to the group. Muslims can say prayers like a blessing before a meal but those prayers are different that these five daily prayers:
    1. Fajr – before sunrise
    2. Dhur – early afternoon
    3. Asr- late afternoon
    4. Maghrib – after sunset
    5. Isha – late night
  • Sawn (fasting)—Muslims abstain from food and drink during the holiest month in the Islamic calendar called Ramadan. Muslims wake up to eat and drink before dawn, cannot eat or drink anything during daylight and breaks their fast right after sunset. Muslims believe that the angel Gabriel was the conduit God used to reveal the verses of the Qu’ran, holybook, to the Prophet Muhammad during this month. These revelations started when Muhammed was 40 years old in the month of Ramadan and continued for 23 years and ended in the month of Ramadan.  There are exceptions to this obligation, such as pregnant and breastfeeding mothers, those who are sick and need to be on medication etc.
  • Zakat (Charity) Muslims are obligated to pay 2.5% of their yearly savings to charity – to Muslims in need. This obligation is for those who can afford to do so. Community is a central principle in Islam.
  • Hajj (Pilgrimage) Muslims who are able bodied and can afford to do so must visit holy sites in Saudi Arabia and perform rituals as prescribed. This takes place during the holy month of Dhul-Hijja (Islamic Calendar) Hajj, and within a specific 5 day period.
2018-10-08T21:38:06+00:00October 8th, 2018|